The words ‘slush fund’ have developed a very negative connotation over the years. This is largely due to the fact that such money is often associated with breaking the law. There have been plenty of sensational media stories where corrupt politicians or business people have had money hidden away in their slush fund. Although this type of set aside money is often viewed negatively there are actually some very legitimate reasons for why a business or organization might have such a fund. Read the rest of this entry »
Different financial instruments will have a face value. This is referred to as a notional amount or notional value. The word ‘notional’ means that something is just an idea and not a physical reality. The reason why we talk about a notional amount on a financial instrument is that it is an amount of money that doesn’t actually change hands. This numerical value is still important though, especially when it comes to calculating any payments that need to be made on a bond, future, or other derivative instrument.
When it comes to obtaining a business loan there will usually be a number of options. In many cases a standard loan will not be suitable and some type of structured finance may be the best option. This type of loan is given based on the performance of the company in the past. This means that there is not the need to provide collateral in the same way as would be required with other types of loan. So long as the company can show a good cash flow in the past they can use this to secure the loan. Of course for it to be convincing to lenders this cash flow will need to have been consistent and enough to pay off any future repayments on the loan.
Raw data can be hard to make use of unless it can be arranged into something more organized. Data analysis is a way to take this information and turn it into something that is far more useful. By working the data correctly it is possible to get the most value from it. There is also a dark side to data analysis though. In the hands of an expert it is possible to use the raw data to support almost any agenda. For this reason it is always important to think critically when dealing with this type of statistics. This involves understanding a bit about how such analysis is conducted and how it can be manipulated.
Economic statistics is not only a subject of relevance to those in an academic setting but practically anyone who hopes to understand how economies function. There have been some great books written on this subject in recent years. Some of these texts are aimed at the complete novice while others would benefit the more advanced economy watcher. Here are just five of the best economic statistics books reviewed.
Different countries around the world have trade agreements with other countries. The most important and influential of all trading agreements is the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The members of NAFTA are the US, Canada, and Mexico and it is sometimes referred to as a trilateral trading block. The reason why NAFTA is so important is that between the three of these members there is the largest GDP of any trading block in the world.
If a business is intending to tack some type of action they will not want to go in to this blind. This would involve too much risk so the safest approach would be to do a bit of research first. SWOT analysis involves closely examining the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats involved in any plan. This tool is used by most businesses and organizations that are serious about increasing the likelihood of success for their plans. This type of analysis provides information about the strengths and weaknesses of any plan. Once this information is known it is possible to proceed with a lot more confidence. Read the rest of this entry »
An allonge is something that may sound quite exotic, but it is actually quite a simple document. It is generally just a slip of paper where people can add their signature. The reason for having an allonge is that it makes it possible for the reader to confirm that they agree with the contents of a main document. In a lot of cases this slip of paper will be added to something like a contract or other agreement. Even though this slip of paper is a separate physical document it is considered the same as the main document for legal purposes. The name of this piece of paper comes from the French word ‘allonger’ which means to draw out. Read the rest of this entry »